Welcome to the 2015 LIVE Vineyard Checklist. Completing this document is required for LIVE certification. Your checklist answers are saved as you record your responses, and any additional notes for an item are saved when you click the item's Save Notes button. You can work on your checklist and come back later to complete it, and you can view your progress at any time by clicking My Progress link in the upper righthand corner of the checklist.
The checklist is organized by topic into chapters, which can be navigated by the chapter numbers at left. Each chapter is comprised of control points—sub-topics where you will find a collection of items requiring your responses. Use the dropdown menu below the item text to record your response. The notes link below the item text will expand to show more details about the item: detailed guidance on the requirements, reference documents and links, and notes fields for your use.
The color scheme of the checklist has a specific purpose.
Red Control Points: These control points and the red items within them are required to receive a passing score on the checklist.
Yellow Control Points: To achieve credit for a yellow control point, the property must comply with 50% of the corresponding yellow items. The property must achieve credit for all but one yellow control point to receive a passing score on the checklist.
Green Items: Green items are found within red and yellow control points and are considered bonus items. To receive a passing score on the checklist, you must comply with a minimum of 50% of the available green bonus items—for control points with more than 3 green bonus items, you may only get credit for a maximum of 3 items (although you should record your responses for all of them). This is to encourage properties to achieve bonus points without concentrating too heavily on any one area of improvement.
Chapter 1: Farm Management, Documentation, and Training
1.1 Documentation and scope of management practices
The farm documents and monitors all key pest occurrences. A key pest is defined as an agricultural pest that (1) causes region-wide and significant economic damage and (2) requires annual monitoring and treatment. Refer to the LIVE Green List for regional lists of key pests in vineyards.
The farm documents all applications of EPA-registered pesticides—including insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, etc. The Pesticide Reporting Form is provided as a template. Please note that foliar fertilizers should be reported on the Fertilizer Reporting Form, and adjuvants/surfactants should be reported on the Other Inputs Reporting Form. Refer to item explanation for detailed documentation requirements.
The farm documents all fertilizer applications. This includes ground-applied, fertigated, and foliar products. The LIVE Fertilizer Reporting Form is provided as a template. Refer to item explanation for detailed documentation requirements.
The farm documents all irrigation applications. The LIVE Irrigation Reporting Form is provided as a template. Refer to item explanation for detailed documentation requirements.
The farm is maintaining all other documentation necessary to demonstrate compliance with LIVE requirements. This includes, but is not limited to: other inputs (in addition to pesticides, fertilizers, and water for irrigation), sprayer calibration and service records, training attendance certificates, soil and petiole analysis, etc.
The farm is maintaining truthful documentation demonstrating its compliance with LIVE requirements for a minimum of three years, and is providing access to documentation (upon request) to LIVE and LIVE inspectors.
The farm is operating in accordance with LIVE’s whole-farm requirements. This includes meeting Salmon-Safe requirements for the property. Refer to item explanation for details and definition of whole-farm.
1.2 Training of farm management team
A member of the vineyard management team has completed a LIVE general training course, which includes: the LIVE Annual Meeting; any LIVE General Training Sessions; or review of the LIVE Member Training document.
A member of the vineyard management team has completed at least one qualifying additional training during the year. Additional trainings include any LIVE lecture, wine industry symposium, educational conferences, extension field days, etc.
A member of the vineyard management team has completed at least two qualifying additional trainings during the year. Additional trainings include any LIVE lecture, wine industry symposium, educational conferences, extension field days, etc.
A member of the vineyard management team has completed at least three qualifying additional trainings during the year. Additional trainings include any LIVE lecture, wine industry symposium, educational conferences, extension field days, etc.
Chapter 2: Biodiversity and Ecological Infrastructures
2.1 Surface area and components of ecological infrastructures
The farm documents and defines all ecological infrastructures and their surface areas on a farm map. The map describes each ecological infrastructure and includes dimensions. The surface area of ecological infrastructures totals at least 5% of the property acreage (excluding buildings and managed woodland). Ecological infrastructures are areas of the farm that are either left wild or managed for the express purpose of promoting biodiversity, wildlife corridors, landscape level continuity, and/or habitat for beneficial fauna.
The surface area of ecological infrastructures totals at least 10% of the property acreage (excluding buildings and managed woodland).
The surface area of ecological infrastructures totals at least 15% of the entire farm property acreage (excluding buildings and managed woodland).
The surface area of ecological infrastructures totals at least 25% of the entire farm property acreage (excluding buildings and managed woodland).
2.2 Management practices to enhance biodiversity
The farm maintains and/or improves existing ecological infrastructures.
2.3 Buffer zones between crop area and sensitive off-crop areas
2.4 Riparian vegetation protection and restoration
Riparian zones or cultivation setbacks of perennial waterways (year-round flow) and seasonal waterways potentially harboring salmonids are an average of 50-100 feet wide, with a minimum width of 35 feet.
Riparian zones and buffer areas are adequately vegetated. Riparian zones and buffer areas are vegetated, contiguous with the channel, and adequately protect water resources.
If 100 percent avoidance of disturbance to the riparian zone and buffer area is not possible, impacts are minimized and mitigated to maintain the function and quality of buffers and the water resources they protect.
Problem invasive plants within riparian buffers are identified, removed, and replaced with suitable plant species adapted to site conditions.
New plantings for buffers are selected to improve overall biodiversity on a site within the constraints of project conditions. Vegetation selected is a diverse mixture of native or noninvasive, non-native species, with a priority given to selection of native species.
Where riparian buffer zones are already established, high priority is given to establishing tree canopy cover over salmonid-bearing and potentially salmonid-bearing streams in ways comparable to undisturbed local reference conditions.
Dying trees, snags, and downed logs are left undisturbed in riparian buffer areas to provide cover, forage, and habitat complexity for species that use these ecosystems.
Water from areas where runoff tends to concentrate is detained and treated before being discharged to the riparian buffer.
2.5 Wetland and upland protection and restoration
In dedicated agricultural production areas, wetlands are protected by a minimum 25 foot uncultivated buffer or to the greatest extent operationally feasible.
Impacts to wetland functions, including water quality, water quantity, and habitat connectivity impacts, are minimized within 100 feet of wetlands to the greatest extent operationally feasible.
Problem invasive plants in both wetlands and wetland buffers are identified, removed, and replaced with suitable plant species adapted to site conditions. Whenever possible, native species are selected over other plants.
Wetlands and wetland buffers should be vegetated consistent with local intact reference wetland conditions.
If no livestock are kept on the property, wetlands and wetland buffers may be unfenced to allow unhindered access for local wildlife. Grazing by livestock is minimized and properly managed in wetland areas.
Degraded wetlands and wet areas exhibiting poor agricultural productivity have been identified. When possible, there is a plan to remove these areas from production and to restore natural functions to the greatest extent operationally feasible.
In upland areas, dying trees, snags, and downed logs are left undisturbed in riparian buffer areas to provide cover, forage, and habitat complexity for species that use these ecosystems.
2.6 In-stream habitat protection and restoration
Stream and river crossings, in-stream structures, irrigation diversion structures, ponds, and any known historic channel manipulations are inventoried and locations are noted on a site map.
Existing stream crossings, including roads and trails, are minimized on the farm property. Stream crossings avoid filling, excavating, or straightening of stream channels; unnecessary removal of wood; and disconnection of off-channel wetlands and ponds.
When a new crossing is established, it is designed to avoid impacts to in-stream habitat, allow fish passage, and avoid constriction of flood conveyance during 25-year, 24-hour storm events.
Existing channels are protected from new impacts such as filling and excavation, straightening, unnecessary stream crossings, excessive stormwater runoff from agricultural operations and disturbed areas, unnecessary removal of wood, or disconnection of off-channel wetlands.
Irrigation ponds that have the potential to have adverse impacts on stream temperature and water quality are not constructed or planned.
Irrigation diversion structures are designed to allow adult and juvenile fish passage and do not trap fish.
Key in-stream habitat quality deficiencies have been identified, and active efforts are being taken to restore stream channels to their natural conditions using techniques such as bioengineered bank stabilization (typically using a combination of large wood, plants, and other material to stabilize banks) and habitat enhancement.
Unnatural in-stream barriers to fish and wildlife have been removed. If barriers exist, plans are in place to remove these barriers.
Existing levees have been removed (or set back to avoid encroachment upon the floodplain), floodplains are restored to the greatest extent operationally feasible, and no new levees are proposed.
Chapter 3: Site Selection
3.1 Suitability of site
3.2 Risk assessment and correction plan
New sites used for agricultural production have a site development plan, including a risk assessment, available for inspection. Enter N/A if there have been no new plantings in the last three years.
Chapter 4: Site Management
4.1 Annual crops: Crop rotation requirements fulfilled
4.2 Alleyway/intervine strip management
The area treated with herbicide below the grapevines is less than 40% of the row spacing, or no herbicide is used.
The farm’s weed control strategy addresses weed shifts. See item explanation for details on rotating the mode of action for weed control.
The vineyard has completed the LIVE Weed Survey prior to use of any residual herbicides listed on the LIVE Yellow List.
The area treated with herbicide below the grapevines is less than 25% of row spacing.
The vineyard uses an alternating mowing regime to promote season-long flowering in the vineyard.
Flail/mulching mowers are only used to chop prunings. All other mowing is done with rotary mower.
Management of the vineyard floor employs methods that promote biodiversity in a manner consistent with regional conditions.
The farm does not use herbicides.
The farm has completed the LIVE Weed Survey prior to use of any herbicides listed on the LIVE Yellow List.
4.3 Soil fertility and soil protection
The vineyard does not use soil fumigation or chemical products with highly residual properties. The vineyard’s use of EPA-registered pesticides conforms with the products listed for the vineyard’s region on the LIVE Yellow List.
Chapter 5: Varieties, Rootstock, and Planting
5.1 Choice of varieties, clones, and rootstock
The vineyard has used varieties, clones, and rootstock appropriate for the site and local growing region.
5.2 Plant material quality and health
5.3 Use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
5.4 Pre-planting and training systems
Chapter 6: Plant Nutrition
6.1 Soil and tissue analysis data
6.2 Fertilizer plan
A fertilizer plan has been developed and is available upon inspector request. Deviations from this plan must be documented and justified.
A nutrient balance sheet has been developed for the entire farm for all macro- and micronutrients. This consists of actual nutritional inputs minus exports from farm. Calculate this using standard nutritional content for wine grapes and applicable crops.
6.3 Nutrient-loss reduction measures
6.4 Nitrogen supply and timing
Nitrogen applications are based on documented need and are consistent with regional replacement values.
6.5 Other nutrients supply and timing
The amount of phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium applied should not exceed either nutrient replacement values or regional limits set by LIVE. See the LIVE Green List or Mullins Nutrient Replacement Chart for these values. Deviations of 10% or more from the amount stated in the fertilizer plan are documented and justified.
6.6 Storage of fertilizers
6.7 Human sewage sludge (GlobalGAP requirement)
6.8 Organic materials testing
Fertilizers and waste-compost (i.e. manure) obtained from off-farm sources must have been analyzed for heavy metals and nutrient content prior to application. If there is a concern about contaminating toxins, additional analysis may be required.
Chapter 7: Irrigation
7.1 Irrigation planning, monitoring, and decision-making
7.2 Irrigation methods
7.3 Water quality
7.4 Water source
7.5 Water use management to protect fish
For farms with a choice of irrigation water sources, the selected source of irrigation water results in the least potential impact to in-stream flows of fish-bearing streams both on farm property and downstream of it.
Fish losses from entrapment are avoided by installing fish screens on diversions in accordance with Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW, 2000), Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), or other similar guidance specific to the farm's geographic location.
Work on diversions, including installing and servicing pumps and intakes, is only done when salmon are not present in streams, during approved in-stream work periods, and in accordance with state and local regulations and permits.
If the only available irrigation source is salmon-bearing or potentially salmon-bearing streams, irrigation withdrawals are not harming fish or significantly limiting habitat quality for fish.
If excess water rights that are not used for crop production exist for the property, consider leasing these excess water rights to the Washington Water Project of Trout Unlimited, Oregon Water Trust, Washington Water Trust, or the Columbia Basin Water Transactions Program.
Chapter 8: Integrated Protection Measures for Farm Crops
8.1 Application of the LIVE Green and Yellow lists
The vineyard demonstrates knowledge of at least two key beneficial insects for its region and has a strategy that addresses their protection.
The vineyard employs the IPM measures in the Green and Yellow Lists in an appropriate manner. See item explanation for details.
8.2 Recording pests and diseases, and applying thresholds
8.3 Use of pesticides
If EPA-registered pesticides (insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, etc.) are used, the vineyard’s use of these materials conforms with the listings and limits on the LIVE Yellow List.
The regional Yellow List limit for sulfur use has not been exceeded.
The vineyard has practiced mode of action rotation when applying pesticides. Pesticides of the same mode of action have not been used consecutively (excluding herbicides, sulfur, oil, and biofungicides). For herbicide resistance management requirements, see Chapter 4.
8.4 Other inputs used in the vineyard
The grower records all other inputs used in the vineyard on the LIVE Other Inputs Reporting Form. These are defined as inputs added to a crop by any means with the purpose of either influencing the health, production or establishment of the crop, or aiding in the influence of EPA-registered pesticides or fertilizers to the crop. Examples of other inputs are: spray tank adjuvants; non-EPA-registered pest control compounds, chemicals or treatments; graft seal; plant hormones; plant vitamins; polymer moisture retention soil additives; micorrhyaze innoculum; etc.
8.5 Pre-harvest intervals (PHI) and residue levels
8.6 Pesticide storage conditions
8.7 Spray equipment
The spray equipment is serviced by a qualified technician at least once every four years.
The spray equipment is calibrated annually according to manufacturer specifications and documented.
8.8 Disposal of agricultural chemicals
Empty containers are triple-rinsed and delivered to authorized firms upon disposal.
Chapter 9: Harvesting and Food Safety
9.1 Worker hygiene
9.2 Hygiene measures of packaging are documented, meet standards and are applied
10.1 Hygiene measures are documented, meet standards and are applied
10.2 Postharvest washing procedures are documented, meet standards and are applied
10.3 Postharvest treatments are specified and documented
10.4 On-farm facilities for produce handling and/or storage meet standards and are applied
Chapter 11: Management Systems on Farms with Livestock
11.1 Livestock density and animal welfare
The farm records show total livestock units and the surface of agricultural land. The livestock units per acre have been calculated based on the LIVE Livestock Unit Conversion Chart and do not exceed one per acre on average when calculated for the whole farm.
11.2 Animal management
On pasture lands, adequate forage remains or is restored throughout the year to protect soil and root systems, promote water infiltration and soil fertility, and to filter surface water runoff.
Corridors and trails used to move livestock around pastures or to rangeland are managed to limit gullying and erosion, and to preserve vegetation cover.
Fencing, water gaps, dense vegetation, or other methods are utilized to prevent unwanted livestock access to streams and other fish-bearing water bodies. Alternative watering methods, like solar pumps, nose pumps or wind pumps, are considered.
Intensive rotational grazing systems are utilized to help prevent compaction and erosion, maintain adequate stubble heights, and to allow pastures to recover from grazing.
Forage areas are routinely monitored for invasive plant populations.
Watering facilities are installed that limit or eliminate the need for livestock to have access to streams and irrigation ditches, whenever operationally feasible.
There is a manure management system in place to prevent contamination of surface or groundwater by animal waste. There is no evidence of manure leachate overflow from manure storage areas.
There is a manure storage management plan in place, taking into consideration a 25-year, 24-hour storm event.
In general, sufficient storage capacity to store 120 to 180 days of manure production, unless the operation has access to other environmentally acceptable methods to recycle manure nutrients.
All manure or compost piles are covered during rainy periods, or another leachate containment system appropriate to the scale of the compost system is in place. Non-commercial-scale compost piles may not need to be covered, and grass buffers may be used as containment if there is no evidence of runoff.
Confined livestock facilities, manure piles, liquid storage tanks, and lagoons are not located in floodplains or areas with shallow groundwater tables or frequently moist or saturated soils.
Livestock confinement and manure storage facilities are designed to prevent any direct or indirect flow of manure into streams, rivers, or other surface waters in the event of sustained heavy rains and runoff, ruptures in storage tanks, leaching from in-ground pits, or breaching of storage lagoons.
If manure is applied to fields and pastures, it is done so at agronomic rates, preferably in the form of compost. This field application should not be done during the rainy season. Where appropriate, fields are dragged to ensure even distribution of manure.
Chapter 12: Worker Health and Safety
12.1 Health and safety responsibilities, instructions, and training
A hazard communications program is actively communicated to the workforce.
New employees receive orientation training including Workers' Right to Know, and all training is documented.
12.2 Accident procedures and protective clothing/equipment
12.3 On-site living quarters
12.4 Worker rights and benefits
Illegal child labor is not used (GlobalGAP requirement).
Wages paid for regular working hours exceed legal minimums.
Healthcare benefits and/or services are provided to the workers